A term meaning "crossbow" used to describe furniture with a bowed front.
Acacia is a hard, strong, and durable wood that varies in color from pale yellow to golden brown. Acacia trees can be found in tropical and warm regions and are very common in Australia. Acacia was first discovered in Africa by a Swedish botanist, and its name is derived from a Greek term. The acacia tree is a symbol that represents purity. Acacia is thought to be the "burning bush" that Moses encountered in the desert, and the wood that was used to construct Noah's Ark.
The use of acanthus leaves began during ancient Greek years, and they are also found in Medieval and Renaissance styles. This type of ornamentation depicts leaves and is used for decoration on moldings, chair and table legs, and chair and table feet. The ornamentations are carved, painted, or inlaid on stone or wood. Acanthus leaves can be found in the capitals of Corinthian columns
Shortly before 1765, archaeologists discovered the ruins of the ancient city Pompeii. Back in England, designers were inspired by what was found in the ruins and two brothers (both named Adam) created a style of furniture that resembled Roman temples and bathing houses. Satinwood and olive green colored inlays were used to create this look. Columns, arches, classical figures, and rich detail and ornamentation are characteristic of this style.
Grown in Turkey by the Aegean Sea, this long staple cotton is renowned for its superior absorbency, soft feel, and pure white color. Aegean Cotton is handpicked by local farmers to ensure high quality and purity.
Applique is a French word meaning "has been applied." It is a surfaced decoration on fabrics, including needlework and embroidery, to create a pattern. This art originated from west Africa in the 18th century, where it was extensively used for quilting.
The apron is the shaped piece on the rail of a table, cabinet, or chest that extends between the legs and is shaped ornamentally. The apron connects the legs below the main structure of a piece of furniture. Also called a skirt.
This style was the modern look of the 1930s. It was originally a French style, but really caught on in the U.S. in the 1930s. It is characterized by streamlined, simplified pieces that actually look like they were made by a machine. Most Art Deco pieces were made quickly and cheaply from bleached woods and metals to satisfy popular demand. This style is characterized by simple and geometric forms.
Art Nouveau is a French term meaning "new art," and this international movement occurred at the turn of the 19th century. It was an attempt to make art part of everyday life and this style drew off of other motifs like Gothic and Japanese styles. Fruit woods were used to create curves, ornamentation, and cabriole legs. This movement is characterized by floral-inspired designs and curves, and it spurred the Arts and Crafts Movement.
Arts & Crafts Movement
A British, Canadian, and American movement that occurred from the late 19th century into the early 20th century. The movement began as an attempt to return from machine made pieces of the Industrial Revolution to unique, meaningful pieces. Pieces from this movement are handcrafted, asymmetrical, and more simple than previous styles.
A British and French wood from a variety of trees that has a light brown color and is hard. The use of ash wood can be seen in early Windsor chairs.
Atelier is the term for an artist's studio or workroom. The Atelier Method is a form of teaching art in which an artist works with a small number of students and trains them to draw, paint, and think similar to his or her method.
This term refers to rugs, tapestries, and carpets handwoven in Aubusson, a town in central France. This region has been known for its carpet and rug making since the 14th century.