Lacquer has been used for centuries to give woodworking projects a tough, durable, and water-resistant clear finish. Lacquer is derived from the resin of a specific tree commonly referred to as a varnish tree. This resin is harvested from the tree's sap, and is then refined and mixed with lacquer thinner to create the common woodworking finish.
A chair with horizontal back slats that was made in the American Colonial era between 1650 and 1780. Early ladder-back chairs were made with two slats, and as time passed, more slats were added. Ladder-back chairs were topped with turned finials at the top, and the top slat served as a towel rack. Also called splat-back chairs.
A crisscross pattern that is carved in cutout work and often found on chair backs, pediments, and sides of trays, tables, and other pieces.
A deep-brown colored hardwood that is native to southern Asia, has a wavy grain, and is mostly seen on East Indian furniture. This wood was used in the early Georgian period.
Linen is spun and woven from flax, and therefore has several advantages over cotton. Its cooling effect makes it ideal for summer. Linen sheets grow softer and more precious with time and care. These extremely durable sheets can last 20 years or more.
Originating in the Boston area of New England, this hollow-back chair is beautifully symmetrical, has a wide top and concave back that make this chair rather uncomfortable to some while others find enjoyment in the mahogany and slender arm supports.
Also called Baille. A Jacobean drawer handle that is pendant-like and is jutted out from the drawer. Loop handles found from the early 17th century are mostly pear-shaped.
An ancient flower ornament that was the principle floral motif for the Egyptians. This design was the basis for later floral decorations and is see in almost all ancient work.
Louis Comfort Tiffany
An American artist and designer (1848-1933) who is best known for his stain glass work during the Art Nouveau era. Instead of joining the family business, Tiffany and Co. jewelry, he began his career as a painter then in the late 19th century he shifted to decorative arts and interiors. His work with leaded-glass to create lighting and lamps is what he is best remembered for.
Beginning in 1645 and lasting until 1705, this style featured baroque furniture with florid, bold, exaggerated, and irregular qualities. It also celebrated the Renaissance, Europe's rebirth. Everything was massive, including chairs and candle stands, since things were being made for castles. In the later part of this style (also called the Régence period), proportions were reduced and pieces were smaller and had softer lines.
Beginning in 1723 and lasting until 1774, this style rejects the traditional straight lines in that every line is curved. The idea was that furniture should seem to float or be about to jump in the air. Pastoral motifs were used instead of architectural motifs, and bright colors and bronze decorations (ormolu) were common. Vitrines, or glass paneled display cabinets, were designed in this period.
Shortly before 1765, archaeologists discovered the ruins of the ancient city Pompeii, and the ruins inspired this French style that was an abrupt change from the previous styles with curves and flowing structure. Lasting from 1774 to 1793, the Louis XVI style marks a change from curves to straight lines. Chair legs from this style are straight, fluted, and look like Roman columns. Painted finishes and gildings were often used during this style.
Design of a typically small desk used in a dining room or library. These were commonly reproduced in England during the Victorian era.