An expert take on modern design, a style from the late 19th century through the present. Post-World War II ideals of cutting excess, commodification, and practicality of materials in design heavily influenced the aesthetic of the furniture. It was a tremendous departure from all furniture design that had gone before it. There was an opposition to the decorative arts, including dark or gilded carved wood and richly patterned fabrics. This gave way to the glittering simplicity and geometry of polished metal. This shift from decorative to minimalist principles of design can be attributed to the introduction of new technology, changes in philosophy, and the influences of the principles of architecture.