Terrazzo is a unique material, a mixture of chips of marble, granite, quartz, glass, shell, or other suitable materials that uses either a cement or epoxy matrix as the binder. It has a long history, beginning roughly 500 years ago in Italy. At that time, marble was the main building material of choice. Venetian workers would use scrap marble fragments that they saved from their upscale projects, placing them next to each other in a clay mortar base for their own residence and terraces. Today, the material takes on many styles and forms.